The following information may have errors; It is not permissible to be read by anyone who has ever met a lawyer.

Use is confined to Engineers with more than 370 course hours of electronic engineering for theoretical studies. <p> ph +1(785) 841-3089 Email inform@xtronics.com

Solvents

From Transwiki
Jump to: navigation, search

[edit] Toxicity

Consider all of the solvents below toxic - some more than others - read the label warnings before using.

[edit] Alphabetic list of useful solvents

111-trichloroethane 
 ??
1-Propoxy-2-propanol
see Propoxypropanol;
2-propanone 
See Acetone
Acetic acid methyl ester 
See Methyl acetate
Acetone 
Simplest example of the ketones. Acetone is miscible with water, ethanol, ether, etc. Serves as an important solvent. Nail polish remover, paint thinner. Thinning and cleaning fiberglass resins and epoxies. Strong solvent for most plastics and synthetic fibers. Dissolves two-part epoxies and superglue before hardening. Heavy-duty degreaser, it is useful in the preparation of metal prior to painting. Thins polyester resins, vinyl and adhesives. Glass and porcelain cleaner
Ammonia 
Household cleaner (5–10% by weight) particularly for glass
β-ketopropane
See Acetone
Carbinol 
See Methanol
diacetone alcohol (123-42-2) 
Dimethyl ketone
See Acetone
Gum turpentine 
See Turpentine
Ethanol 
Versatile solvent, miscible with water and with many organic solvents, including acetic acid, acetone, benzene, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, diethyl ether, ethylene glycol, glycerol, nitromethane, pyridine, and toluene.
Ethyl acetate 
Moderately polar solvent, volatile, some Nail polish, decaffeinate coffee beans and tea leaves, chromatography, extraction solvent,
Ethyl alcohol
See Ethanol
IPA 
see Isopropanol
iso or isopro
see Isopropanol
Isopropanol also isopropanol
Dissolves a wide range of nonpolar compounds, cleaning electronic contacts, poor mans lens cleaner, glass cleaner - content in many household cleaners.
Isopropyl alcohol 
see Isopropanol
Methanol
Methanol is a common laboratory solvent. Denaturant(makes toxic) for ethanol. Lens cleaning, general solvent, antifreeze in pipelines and windshield washer fluid. Fuel in camping and boating stoves. Methanol is toxic
Methyl acetate: glues or nail polish removers, similar to Ethyl acetate, extraction solvent.
Methyl Alcohol 
See Methanol
methyl isobutyl ketone (108-10-1)
methylated spirit
See ethanol, - denatured
Methylbenzene 
See Toluene


Methyl ethanoate 
See Methyl Acetate
Mineral Spirits 
A paraffin-derived clear, transparent liquid which is a common organic solvent used in painting and decorating. It was the predominant dry cleaning solvent in the United States from the late 1920s until the late 1950s. mineral spirits is used for cleaning and degreasing machine tools and parts. Mineral spirits it is said, "are especially effective in removing oils, greases, carbon, and other material from metal." Mineral spirits may also be used in conjunction with cutting oil as a thread cutting and reaming lubricant. Artists use mineral spirits as an alternative to turpentine because it is "less toxic". Used in paints, lacquers and varnishes. White spirit is the most widely used solvent in the paint industry. 50% of the contents in WD-40™
Mineral Turpentine 
See Mineral Spirits
n-butyl acetate (123-86-4) 
Naphtha 
any number of different flammable liquid mixtures of hydrocarbons, i.e. a distillation product from petroleum or coal tar boiling in a certain range and containing certain hydrocarbons, a broad term encompassing any volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixture. Ronsonol is marketed as a refill fluid for cigarette lighters - See Mineral spirits.
Oil of turpentine 
See Turpentine
phenylmethane ;
See Toluene
PnP
see Propoxypropanol
Propanone
See Acetone
Propan-2-one
See Acetone
Propoxypropanol  
an alcohol 1-5% of Formula 409™
propyl propasol
see Propoxypropanol
Propylene glycol monopropyl ether
see Propoxypropanol;
propylene glycol mono-n-propyl ether
see Propoxypropanol
Rubbing alcohol 
See Isopropanol
Spirit of turpentine 
See Turpentine
Stoddard solvent 
See mineral spirits - above.
Toluene 
, also known as methylbenzene or phenylmethane, is a clear, water-insoluble liquid with the typical smell of paint thinners, redolent of the sweet smell of the related compound benzene. It is an aromatic hydrocarbon that is widely used as an industrial feedstock and as a solvent. A common solvent, dissolves paints, paint thinners, silicone sealants, rubber, printing ink, adhesives (glues), lacquers, leather tanners, and disinfectants.
Turpentine 
Obtained by the distillation of resin from trees, mainly pine trees. As a solvent, turpentine is used for thinning oil-based paints, for producing varnishes, and as a raw material for the chemical industry. Its industrial use as a solvent in industrialized nations has largely been replaced by the much cheaper turpentine substitutes distilled from crude oil - see Mineral spirits.
White spirit 
See mineral spirits - above.
Wood turpentine 
See Turpentine
Wood alcohol, wood naphtha or wood spirits 
See methanol
Xylene 
or xylol refers to a mixture of three benzene derivatives which is used as a solvent in the printing, rubber, and leather industries. Xylene is a colorless, sweet-smelling liquid that is very flammable. It is also used as a cleaning agent for steel and for silicon wafers and chips, a pesticide, a thinner for paint, and in paints and varnishes. It may be substituted for toluene to thin lacquers where slower drying is desired. It is found in small amounts in airplane fuel and gasoline. In animal studies it is often swabbed on the ears of rabbits to facilitate blood flow and collection, although the area must subsequently be cleansed with alcohol to prevent inflammation. Xylene is also used as a fixation agent for animal tissues.
Personal tools